Mounting economic headwinds are contributing to slower prime property price growth in key cities around the world and leading policymakers in developed and emerging markets alike to cut interest rates.
The latest prime global index from Knight Frank shows that residential prices across 46 cities increased by 1.4% in the year to June 2019, up marginally from 1.3% in March 2019 but still significantly lower than its four year average of 3.8%.
Although Berlin leads the index, its rate of annual growth has slowed from 14.1% in March 2019 to 12.7% in June 2019. Frankfurt, by comparison, has seen its annual price growth increase from 9.6% to 12% over the same period.
However, with prime prices in Berlin and Frankfurt currently around €11,500 per square meter and €13,500 per square meter respectively they remain competitive by European standards.
Some 35 of the 46 cities tracked by the index, or 76%, registered price growth in the year to June 2019. Of the 11 that saw prices decline year on year, Istanbul with a fall of 9.9% and Vancouver with a fall of 13.6% were the weakest markets.
Six European cities now sit within the top 10, down from seven last quarter as Edinburgh with growth of 4.3% moved into 12th place. Madrid and Paris are following similar paths recording 5.2% and 5% annual growth respectively. In both cases, the headline figure conceals variations at a neighbourhood level.
In Madrid, areas such as Chamberí as well as outer non-prime districts are performing strongly. In Paris, the Left Bank, in particular the 6th and 7th arrondissements, are now pausing for breath having witnessed upward of 11% price growth since 2017, whilst the 18th continues its upward trajectory.
In mainland China, tier 1 cities such as Beijing with growth of 4.5% and Guangzhou with a rise of 2.7% saw prime price growth strengthen in the first half of 2019 as optimism grew surrounding the potential relaxation of housing policies, even though authorities reiterated their stance against speculation.
In Hong Kong prices were unchanged and the index report says that the opening of various cross-border infrastructure projects, which should boost economic links in the Pearl River Delta over time, failed to counteract immediate concerns over the US/China trade war and political discord.
Singapore’s prime market with a rise of 0.9% remains subdued as buyers adjust to the latest round of regulations, yet despite this, a number of record sales prices have been achieved so far in 2019. The report suggests that sluggish economic growth explains the wave of interest rate cuts evident in the last three months as policymakers try to stimulate growth.
‘Much hinges on the next three months with stronger headwinds on the horizon we expect the index to moderate further in the second half of 2019 before strengthening in 2020,’ the report concludes.